Minimizing the Impacts of Closure

Technologies that can minimize the environmental impacts of closure.

Plugging and Abandonment

Operators should use current and effective techniques and materials when plugging and abandoning wells.

Rapid Restoration

Operators should restore and revegetate well sites as soon as possible after wells have been plugged.

Temporal and Spatial Offsets for Threatened and Endangered Species

Additional protection for threatened and endangered species can be provided by avoidance of plugging and abandonment activities during certain times of the year, when threatened and endangered species are mating, nesting, or rearing young. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service has proposed voluntary best management practices for protecting threatened and sensitive species. These are described on the regulatory requirements for closure page.

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Minimizing Environmental Impacts

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